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Should you opt for Fixed Rate or Floating Rate for Personal Loan?

Published on May 26, 2021Updated on May 7, 2024

Should you opt for Fixed Rate or Floating Rate for Personal Loan?

The choice of personal loan interest rates, fixed or floating interest rate always confuses borrowers, as it directly impacts the amount of EMI payable and repayment tenure.

To get the maximum advantage of a personal loan, one must understand the difference between the two personal loan interest rate structures and how it impacts the repayments.

Therefore, let’s get into detail and know everything about these two terms.

What is a Floating Rate of Interest?

In the personal loan floating interest rate structure, the interest rate changes during the loan repayment tenure as per the repo rate set by the RBI in their periodic revisions.

The lender adds spread (additional interest rate) to the repo rate and determines the interest rate to be charged from borrowers. Any change to the final interest rate is passed on to the borrower and is adjusted with existing interest rates on the personal loan availed.

Benefits

  • If the market changes in a certain way, the interest rates may be lower compared to that of fixed interest rate structure
  • A cut in interest rate results in savings, as in the EMI composition, the interest factor gets reduced and the principal payment is increased accordingly, which further reduces the future interest outgo

Drawbacks

One of the biggest drawbacks is the unpredictability of the interest rate changes, therefore, it is harder to forecast the future interest expense. In unfavorable market conditions, the interest rates can rise significantly, which can make budgeting more difficult for borrowers.

Must Read: Factors that Affect Your Personal Loan Interest Rate

What is a Fixed Rate of Interest?

In the personal loan fixed interest rate structure, the interest rate during the whole tenure of the loan remains the same, irrespective of the change in repo rate by the RBI. In this structure, the EMI composition (interest + principal) is constant throughout the tenure.

Benefits

  • You are protected from the sudden change in interest rates and is safer to choose from in this highly dynamic financial environment
  • As the interest component in the EMI doesn’t change during the loan tenure, it provides certainty on how much you have to pay to settle the personal loan
  • It helps in efficient financial planning, as fixed payments help to budget properly and use your remaining financial resources to meet other goals efficiently

Drawbacks

  • The interest rate is usually higher by 1-2.5%, compared to loans availed with the floating interest rate structure because lenders factor in the possibility of rising interest rates.
  • You miss out on the benefits or opportunity to save on interest expenses if there are any cuts in the interest rate

Which one should you opt for a Personal Loan - Floating Rate or Fixed Rate?

You should choose the floating and fixed interest rate structure under the following circumstances:

Floating Interest Rate

  1. You understand the financial market well and under which conditions, interest rate drops and rises
  2. There are reliable indications that the interest rates with fall in the future and remain stable during the loan tenure
  3. If you see a potential increase in income and any rise in interest rates doesn’t affect your other financial commitment

Fixed Interest Rate

  1. When you don’t understand or have the market expertise to predict how interest rate moves, the risks associated with changes in the interest rate, and would instead prefer stability.  
  2. When you want to keep the EMIs fixed and is comfortable paying the current interest amount 
  3. When you foresee a considerable rise in the interest rate due to unfavorable market condition 

Therefore, choosing the interest rate structure should be based on your own knowledge, comfort level, and the advantages that you will receive from choosing a particular interest rate structure. 

If you’re still unsure which interest rate structure to select, you can use the Personal Loan EMI Calculator, and check the EMI amount by using different interest rates and tenure. It is also advisable to seek a discussion with your lender to know more.

Must Read: How to Refinance your Personal Loan at Lower Interest Rates

How to Apply for a Personal Loan?

To apply for a personal loan at SMFG India Credit, please follow these instructions:

  1. Click on the provided link to apply.
  2. Enter essential information such as mobile number, PAN, pincode, and employment type (salaried or self-employed).
  3. Authenticate your mobile number with the OTP received and ensure your email ID is verified.
  4. Fill out the sections requesting your email address, date of birth, gender, income, and employment data.
  5. Examine the loan offer tailored to your requirements, including the loan amount, fees, and repayment schedules. Confirm your acceptance when you are satisfied and consider the provided option for choosing a higher amount.
  6. Input your employment details if you are in a salaried position.
  7. Undergo the required digital verification for your identity and address. This can be done through CKYC, OKYC, or DigiLocker.
  8. Provide your bank account details for verification by us. After verification, you have to fill in the 'Additional Details' section with data about your references, marital status, loan purpose, and parents' names.
  9. Choose your preferred payment option and proceed to set up eNACH.
  10. Sign the loan agreement digitally after careful review, and complete the process with an OTP verification.

Draw nearer to your financial goals by completing these simple steps from SMFG India Credit.

* Please note that this article is for your knowledge only. Loans are disbursed at the sole discretion of SMFG India Credit. Final approval, loan terms, disbursal process, foreclosure charges and foreclosure process will be subject to SMFG India Credit's policy at the time of loan application. If you wish to know more about our products and services, please contact us

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