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How PF (Provident Fund) is Calculated on Salary?

Published on Nov 7, 2023Updated on Jan 30, 2024

How PF (Provident Fund) is Calculated on Salary?

A Provident Fund, often abbreviated as PF, is a social security and retirement savings scheme established by governments or organizations to provide financial security and stability to employees during their post-employment years.

It is a crucial component of the employee benefits package, aimed at ensuring that individuals have a source of income to support their livelihood after they retire from their active working life.

Employers and employees typically contribute to the fund, and these contributions are invested or held in a secure and interest-bearing account, allowing the fund to grow over time.

What Is EPF?

The Employee Provident Fund (EPF) is a retirement savings scheme primarily in India, where both employees and employers contribute a portion of the salary (typically 12%) monthly to an EPF account.

It's managed by the Employees' Provident Fund Organization (EPFO), offering financial security in retirement. EPF Contributions accrue interest, varying yearly, and funds can be withdrawn for purposes like housing, medical emergencies, education, or marriage. It offers tax benefits under Section 80C and withdrawals at retirement are often tax-exempt. These accounts are portable, allowing job changes without losing savings, and employees can nominate beneficiaries for their funds in case of demise.

What is an EPF calculator?

An EPF calculator, short for Employee Provident Fund calculator, is a crucial financial tool for projecting an individual's future EPF savings.

To utilize this tool, users input specific details like their monthly basic salary, dearness allowance, EPF contribution rate (usually 12% of the basic salary), and expected annual salary increments. The calculator then computes monthly and annual EPF contributions, encompassing both employee and employer shares, and incorporates the current EPF interest rate, updated annually.

Moreover, it helps gauge the impact of contribution adjustments, salary increases, or interest rate fluctuations on the final EPF amount, facilitating long-term financial strategizing.

How does an EPF calculator work?

An EPF calculator estimates an individual's future EPF account balance by considering factors like their income, EPF contribution rate, and expected salary growth.

Users enter basic details, including monthly salary and dearness allowance, with the EPF contribution rate usually fixed at 12% of the basic salary.

Anticipated salary increments are factored in, as these affect contributions. Some calculators allow entry of the current EPF balance, while the prevailing EPF interest rate is automatically applied.

The calculator computes monthly and yearly contributions for both the employee and employer and projects the future balance at retirement.

What must you know about EPF contributions?

Here's what you need to know about EPF contributions:

  • Mandatory for both employees and employers, often at a 12% contribution rate.
  • Eligible for tax benefits, this reduces taxable income.
  • Contributions accrue interest and are declared annually, boosting savings.
  • Rules allow partial or full withdrawals for specific purposes.
  • EPF accounts are portable, ensuring seamless job changes.
  • Nominate beneficiaries for funds in case of the employee's demise.
  • Understanding EPF is vital for building retirement savings and financial stability.

In short, the EPF contribution is crucial to making sound financial decisions.

How to check PF balance?

To check your provident fund balance, log in to your account on the EPFO website using your Universal Account Number (UAN) and password.

Once logged in, navigate to the "Balance/Passbook" section, where you can view your PF balance and account statement.

Additionally, you can use the UMANG app, a mobile application that offers similar functionality.

Make sure your UAN is linked and activated to access your PF balance online. If you encounter any issues, consider reaching out to the EPFO or your employer for assistance.

How to transfer EPF money online?

To transfer your EPF money online, follow these simple steps.

First, ensure your UAN is activated and linked to your KYC details, like Aadhaar, PAN, and bank account.

Then, log in to the official EPFO member portal using your UAN and password.

From the main menu, select "Online Services" and then "One Member, One EPF Account (Transfer Request)." Fill in the required details and verify your existing and previous employers.

After verification, you can submit the transfer claim. The claim will be processed, and the EPF money will be transferred from your previous employer's account to your current employer's account.

How Many Divisions Are There In Employee Provident Fund Contribution?

In India's Employee Provident Fund contribution, these are the key divisions.

Employees contribute around 12% of their basic salary and dearness allowance (DA) to their EPF account. Employers match this with a 12% contribution from their side, but a part (8.33% of the 12%) of the employer's contribution is allocated to the Employee's Pension Scheme (EPS), specifically designated for the employee's pension.

This division ensures that retirement savings are structured into EPF contributions, providing financial security in the form of pension benefits for employees in addition to their EPF corpus.

Step-by-Step Guide on How to Calculate PF on Salary

Here's a concise guide how to calculate PF on salary:

  • Know the PF Contribution Rate: In India, it's usually 12% of your basic salary and DA.
  • Identify Basic Salary and DA: Find these on your salary slip.
  • Calculate Employee's PF: Multiply (Basic Salary + DA) by 0.12.
  • Employer's PF: They contribute the same.
  • Total PF: Sum up Employee and Employer's PF contributions.

This calculation ensures accurate PF contributions for your retirement savings. Stay updated with changing rules and consult your employer or relevant authorities for any queries.

What is the formula for EPF calculation?

Here's how to calculate PF:

Employee's Contribution:
Employee's EPF Contribution = (Basic Salary + DA) x 0.12

Employer's Contribution:
Employer's EPF Contribution = (Basic Salary + DA) x 0.12

Please note that EPF rules and contribution rates can change, so it's essential to verify the latest regulations with the relevant authorities or the Employees' Provident Fund Organization to ensure accurate calculations.

Additionally, it's crucial to consider any specific rules or exemptions that may apply to your particular situation or organization.

How is interest being calculated in EPF?

EPF interest in India is computed monthly, with the rate set annually by the Central Board of Trustees of the EPFO. The yearly interest rate is divided by 12 to determine the monthly rate.

Interest is added monthly to the EPF account based on the closing balance. This process continues throughout the financial year, accumulating monthly interest.

The final EPF balance is the sum of the total annual interest and the initial balance. While the EPFO declares the interest rate, interest calculation and crediting are automated. It's crucial to keep updated with EPFO announcements and regulations for accurate information.

Benefits of Provident Fund

Provident Fund (PF) schemes like EPF offer numerous benefits.

  1. They ensure retirement savings, with employers matching contributions. There are tax benefits, and interest is earned tax-free.
  2. PF instils financial discipline by automatically setting aside part of one's salary. It serves as a long-term savings tool for various needs, and contributions accrue competitive interest.
  3. PF accounts are portable for job changes, and beneficiaries can be nominated for financial security. It's a simple way to save for retirement, managed with government oversight, enhancing trust.

Overall, Provident Funds are pivotal for financial planning, offering retirement savings, tax advantages, and financial security.

Benefits of investing in the EPF

Investing in India's EPF yields numerous advantages:

  • Retirement Security: EPF ensures post-retirement financial security.
  • Tax Benefits: EPF contributions are tax-deductible under Section 80C, reducing taxable income.
  • Employer Contributions: Employers match EPF contributions, boosting savings.
  • Interest Earnings: Contributions earn interest declared annually.
  • Safety: EPF is regulated by the government's EPFO, providing trust.
  • Long-Term Savings: EPF promotes long-term financial planning and wealth accumulation.
  • Partial Withdrawals: Permissible for specific needs, like home buying or emergencies.
  • Nomination: Beneficiaries can be nominated, securing family finances.
  • Portability: EPF accounts are transferable during job changes.
  • Simplicity: EPF contributions are automatically deducted from salaries, simplifying retirement savings.

What is EPF eligibility?

To qualify for the Employee Provident Fund, individuals must be employed in organizations covered under the EPF Act, which typically includes both private and public sector establishments with a basic salary and dearness allowance (DA) up to INR 15,000 per month. Temporary, contractual, and part-time workers are also eligible, and there is no specific age limit for EPF eligibility. It's essential to keep up to date with the latest regulations and consult the Employees' Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) or your employer for the most current information on EPF eligibility.

Important things to consider for EPF

Managing EPF involves several vital considerations. First, confirm your eligibility based on your employment type, salary, and your organization's coverage under the EPF Act.

Activate your UAN and ensure it's linked with your KYC details for online access. Understand the standard contribution rate, typically set at 12% of your basic salary and dearness allowance, with an equal employer contribution. Stay updated with the annual interest rate, which impacts your savings.

Utilize the tax benefits available for EPF contributions under Section 80C. Nominate beneficiaries, know the withdrawal rules, and grasp the portability of your EPF account when changing jobs.


In conclusion, the Employee Provident Fund stands as a crucial pillar of financial security for employees in India and many other countries. It offers a structured and disciplined approach to retirement savings, providing a robust safety net for individuals when they step away from their active working life.

With the support of both employee and employer contributions, EPF helps individuals accumulate a significant corpus over the years. The tax benefits, competitive interest rates, and ease of management make it a valuable financial tool.

* Please note that this article is for your knowledge only. Loans are disbursed at the sole discretion of SMFG India Credit. Final approval, loan terms, disbursal process, foreclosure charges and foreclosure process will be subject to SMFG India Credit's policy at the time of loan application. If you wish to know more about our products and services, please contact us


What is PF (Provident Fund) in salary?

Provident Fund in Salary refers to a mandatory savings scheme where both employees and employers contribute a percentage of the employee's salary towards a fund meant for retirement and other financial needs, promoting long-term savings and providing tax benefits.

What are the key components, rates, and rules involved in PF calculation on salary?

The key components in PF calculation on salary typically include the basic salary and dearness allowance (DA). The standard contribution rate is 12%, with both employees and employers contributing an equal amount. Rules can vary, but PF is primarily for retirement savings, allowing for partial withdrawals for specific financial needs.

When will PF interest be credited?

PF interest is typically credited at the end of each financial year. The interest is calculated on a monthly basis and then added to the PF balance. It may take some time after the financial year closes for this process to be completed.

How much PF is deducted from salary?

PF deductions from salary are typically set at 12% of the employee's basic salary and dearness allowance (DA). Both the employer and employee contribute an equal amount, resulting in a combined contribution of 24% of the employee's basic salary and DA.

What are the benefits of using a PF calculator?

Using a PF calculator offers several benefits. It helps individuals estimate their future PF balance, plan for retirement, and assess the impact of various variables. This financial tool empowers informed financial decisions, offering clarity and foresight in managing retirement savings.

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