Fullerton India Credit Co. Ltd. is Now SMFG India Credit Co. Ltd.

Difference between Debt Consolidation and Debt Settlement

Published on Apr 3, 2024Updated on Apr 5, 2024

Difference between Debt Consolidation and Debt Settlement

Debt consolidation involves combining multiple debts into a single payment, often with a lower interest rate than the existing debt. This makes it easier to track and pay off what you owe. Debt settlement, on the other hand, involves negotiating with creditors to pay a lump sum that's less than the full amount owed.

This article will further explore debt consolidation vs. debt settlement, highlighting how each method can impact your financial health. Whether you're considering a personal loan for debt consolidation or need an urgent one, understanding these options is vital for making informed decisions that align with your financial goals. Let's explore the key differences and find the best path to managing your debt.

What is Debt Consolidation?

Debt consolidation is a strategy used to streamline your finances by combining multiple debts into a single, manageable payment. This method often involves taking out a new loan, typically a personal loan for debt consolidation. This is done to pay off a variety of debts, such as credit card balances, medical bills, or other loans. The primary advantage of debt consolidation is the potential for a lower overall interest rate and simplified monthly payments, making it easier to budget and potentially pay off debt faster. By consolidating debts, individuals can focus on a single payment rather than juggling several creditors with varying interest rates and due dates.

How Does Debt Consolidation Work?

Debt consolidation works by combining multiple debts into a single debt, typically with a lower interest rate. This process involves taking out a new loan, often a personal loan or a specific debt consolidation loan, to pay off various existing debts. While the total debt amount remains the same, you're left with just one monthly payment to manage instead of multiple payments to different creditors.

The aim is to make your debt more manageable and reduce the interest you're paying overall. By securing a loan with a lower interest rate, you can save money over time, making it easier to repay the principal balance. This streamlined approach can potentially improve your credit score if you demonstrate consistent, timely payments.

Benefits of Debt Consolidation

  1. Simplifies Financial Management: Consolidating multiple debts into one loan means you only have one monthly payment to keep track of. It reduces the hassle of managing multiple payments.
  2. Lower Interest Rates: Often, debt consolidation comes with lower interest rates compared to credit card debts, potentially saving you money over the loan's lifetime.
  3. Improved Credit Score: Making regular, on-time payments towards a consolidation loan can positively impact your credit score.
  4. Fixed Payment Schedule: Debt consolidation loans typically have a fixed repayment term, helping you know exactly when you'll be debt-free.
  5. Reduced monthly payments: With lower interest rates and longer repayment terms, debt consolidation can reduce your monthly payment amount, freeing up cash for other expenses.
  6. Avoids Late Fees: Managing one payment reduces the risk of missing payments and incurring late fees.
Must Read:Strategies for Using Personal Loans in Debt Management

What is Debt Settlement?

Debt settlement is a financial strategy where you negotiate with creditors to pay a lump sum that's less than the total amount you owe. This approach can be helpful if you're struggling to keep up with payments or facing financial hardship. The process typically involves working with a debt settlement company that negotiates on your behalf to settle your debts for a fraction of what's owed.

While this can lead to significant savings and potentially faster debt resolution, it's important to understand the potential impacts. Debt settlement can negatively affect your credit score, as it often requires falling behind on payments to incentivize creditors to settle. Creditors are also under no obligation to accept debt settlement, which can lengthen the negotiation process. Despite these potential drawbacks, for those overwhelmed by debt, settlement offers a possible path to regaining financial stability.

How Does Debt Settlement Work?

Debt settlement works by negotiating with creditors to accept a payment that's less than the total amount owed on your debt. This process can be managed through a debt settlement company, which you would hire to act on your behalf. The company might advise you to stop making payments to your creditors and instead pay into an account they manage.

Once your account accumulates a sufficient balance, the settlement company uses these funds to negotiate lump-sum settlements with your creditors. The goal is to convince creditors to settle for a fraction of your original debt since they might prefer receiving a lower payment immediately over the risk of not getting paid at all.

It is important to note that, unlike debt consolidation, debt settlement does not work with secured loans like mortgages.

Benefits of Debt Settlement

  1. Reduces Overall Debt: Debt settlement can significantly lower the total amount you owe, making it easier to manage the overall debt burden.
  2. One-time Payments: Settling your debt typically involves making a lump-sum payment, eliminating the need for monthly payments to multiple creditors.
  3. Avoids Bankruptcy: By settling debts, you can avoid the more severe financial repercussions and long-term impact on your credit score that bankruptcy entails.
  4. Quick Resolution: While debt settlement can take as long as 3 to 4 years, it can resolve your debt issues faster than paying off the full amount over time, especially if you're struggling with high-interest rates.
  5. Financial Relief: Reducing your debt burden can provide immediate financial relief, freeing up resources for other essential expenses or savings.
  6. Stops Collection Calls: Once a settlement agreement is reached and paid, creditors and collection agencies will stop their collection efforts, giving you peace of mind.
Must Read:Protecting Yourself from Fraud When Applying for a Digital Personal Loan

Debt Consolidation vs. Debt Settlement: Key differences


Debt Consolidation

Debt Settlement


Multiple loans are combined into a single loan with one interest rate.

Negotiation of debt balances to pay less than what’s owed.

Interest Rates

Interest rates vary and some lenders may charge fees.

Debt settlement companies charge a fee for their services which costs you nothing if you do it yourself.

Impact on Credit Scores

May improve credit score.

Could hurt your credit score.

How Can It Help?

Money can be saved on interest since a single payment makes repayment easier.

Debts can be eliminated for less than what’s owed, lawsuits may also be avoided.

How Personal Loans can be used for Debt Consolidation

Personal loans offer a strategic avenue for debt consolidation, allowing individuals to streamline multiple high-interest debts into a single, more manageable loan. By securing a personal loan, you can use the funds to pay off various debts, such as credit card balances, medical bills, and other loans.

This method centralizes your debt obligations into one monthly payment, often at a lower interest rate than the original debts. Furthermore, by converting revolving debts (like credit card debt) into a term loan with fixed payments, you can set a clear timeline for debt repayment. This positively impacts your credit score by reducing your credit utilisation ratio, which should ideally be below or equal to 30%. Personal loans for debt consolidation thus serve as a powerful tool in achieving financial stability.

Advantages & Considerations of using a Personal Loan for Debt Consolidation

The advantages of using a personal loan for debt consolidation include:

  1. Lower Interest Rates: Personal loans often have lower interest rates compared to credit cards, potentially lowering the total cost of the loan.
  2. Simplified Payments: Consolidating debt means managing one monthly payment instead of several, simplifying your finances.
  3. Fixed Repayment Schedule: Personal loans come with a defined repayment term, helping you plan your finances better and know exactly when you'll be debt-free.
  4. Potential Credit Score Improvement: Making regular, on-time payments on a consolidation loan can improve your credit score over time.


Exploring the options of debt consolidation and debt settlement can significantly change your financial situation, providing ways to manage and lessen debt efficiently. Whether you're leaning towards consolidation to simplify payments and reduce interest rates, or settlement to negotiate your way to a lower debt amount, understanding your options is key. As you consider these strategies, remember the importance of making informed decisions and seeking trusted financial partners.

For those exploring debt consolidation with personal loans, SMFG India Credit can help. With competitive interest rates and transparent terms, our personal loans are designed to meet your immediate financial needs. We also offer an EMI calculator you can use to calculate your monthly installments and plan your budget around existing financial obligations.

* Please note that this article is for your knowledge only. Loans are disbursed at the sole discretion of SMFG India Credit. Final approval, loan terms, disbursal process, foreclosure charges and foreclosure process will be subject to SMFG India Credit's policy at the time of loan application. If you wish to know more about our products and services, please contact us

Was this helpful?

Yesyes vote
Nono vote
Sorry about that
How can we improve it: